Geographic location

Being at the crossroadsof Europe and Africa, bounded by the Mediterranean andoverlooking the Atlantic Ocean, Morocco has a privileged geographic location. In fact, Morocco is bordered by 3 seas: the Atlantic Ocean, the Mediterranean and the great sea sand of the Sahara. It looms the geological continuity of Europe through the Rif, before getting lost along the Atlantic, into the sands of the Mauritanian desert.

Besides the coastline, which is an integral part of Morocco’s geographical diversity, the Atlas Mountainsreach to the fertile plains and sandy beaches of the Atlantic coast. The Middle Atlas spans from the south and rises to nearly 3,000 m (9842 ft), while the Rif Mountains stretch through the north coast.

The south of Morocco offers exotic sceneries of the Sahara, where one can practice a myriad of sports activities amid the breathtaking natural legacy.


Morocco is known for a very remarkable spatial and temporal variability of precipitation. The northwest part of the country has the highest rainfall; yet, across the same region, the annual average level of precipitation varies substantially. For instance, the rainfall volume may exceed 800 mm in mountainous areas, but it can fall below 300 mm in the surrounding lowlands.

Morocco is a country situated in the subtropical zone of the north-west of Africa. The country enjoys different types of climates that differ from a region to the other; coastal areas are characterized by a temperate climate, while desert climate prevails in the south and the east areas of the country.

Thus, Morocco has diverse climate zones: Mediterranean in the North, Oceanic in the West, Continental in the central parts, and arid in the South.